Nylon

   This is the first commercial petroleum-based synthetic fiber; it was invented by DuPont scientists Gerald Berchet and Wallace Carothers (Americans) in 1935. Commercial production of nylon hosiery began in 1939 by the DuPont Company in America. Nylon stockings were all the rage, especially after World War II, as they were stronger and cheaper than silk stockings. By the late 1950s, nylon became a significant fiber of the intimate apparel business. "Penior Sets," as the matching robe and nightgown ensembles were named, consisted of yards of sheer and opaque nylon. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the warp-knit nylon was given a shiny surface and it gave the appearance of silk or satin. This allowed the mass-market manufactures and retailers in the United States to design and produce knock-offs of high-end intimate apparel. The 1980s saw a return of the demand for comfort, namely cotton; while nylon was no longer front and center, it remained a significant component of the intimate as well as sportswear industry.

Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry. .

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  • nylon — nylon …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • nylon — [ nilɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1942; nom déposé, mot angl. amér., p. ê. de (vi)nyl et (cott)on, (ray)on « rayonne » ♦ Fibre synthétique (polyamide), obtenue au moyen de réactions sur des sous produits du goudron. Résistance, élasticité du nylon. Brosse en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nylon — was first made in the laboratories of E.I. du Pont de Nemours, of Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A., under the direction of the late Dr. W. H. Carothers as a result of researches started 1928. In October, 1938, it was announced to the world that a new …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • nylon — ylon n. 1. Any of several thermoplastic polyamide plastics, comprising a family of high strength resilient synthetic materials, used mostly in fibers. [WordNet 1.5] 2. A synthetic fabric consisting of fibers of nylon[wn1]. [WordNet 1.5] 3. pl.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nylon — steht für: Nylon (Band), eine Berliner Band Nylon, ein Handelsname für Kunstfasern aus Polyamid Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • nylon — ☆ nylon [nī′län΄ ] n. [arbitrary coinage, infl. by (COTT)ON and (RAY)ON] 1. any of a group of synthetic long chain polymeric amides with recurring amide groups, made into fiber, yarn, bristles, sheets, molded plastics, etc. that have great… …   English World dictionary

  • nylon — nylon, ⊕ nylón → nailon …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • nylon — (n.) 1938, coined, according to DuPont, from random generic syllable nyl + on, common ending in fiber names (Cf. rayon), said to be ultimately from cotton. Use (in plural) for nylon stockings is from 1940 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Nylon — Nylon: Der Name der Chemiefaser wurde im 20. Jh. aus gleichbed. engl. amerik. nylon, einem Kunstwort ohne sichere Deutung, entlehnt …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • nylon — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. nylonnie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} włókno syntetyczne cechujące się wytrzymałością, elastycznością, odpornością na gniecenie 2. tkanina, materiał wykonany z tego… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • nylon — ► NOUN 1) a tough, lightweight, elastic synthetic polymer with a protein like chemical structure. 2) fabric or yarn made of such polymers. 3) (nylons) nylon stockings or tights. ORIGIN an invented word …   English terms dictionary

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